Rob KITCHIN is a professor and ERC Advanced Investigator in NIRSA at Maynooth University. He is (co)principal investigator of the Programmable City project, the Building City Dashboards project, the All-Island Research Observatory, and the Digital Repository of Ireland. He was the 2013 recipient of the Royal Irish Academy's Gold Medal for the Social Sciences. In a talk entitled The Promise and Perils of Smart Cities, Professor Kitchin will examine the concept of smart cities and the range of smart city technologies being developed and deployed, drawing on case study material relating to Dublin and Boston.
Siobhan CLARKE, FTCD, is Professor in the School of Computer Science and Statistics and was elected a Fellow of Trinity College in 2006. She is Director of the Trinity Research Centre on Smart and Sustainable Cities. Her research addresses programming models and frameworks for service-oriented computing on mobile, embedded devices, with a particular focus on dynamic adaptation in such environments. Given growing urban populations, it is clear we need to change our behaviour to better manage the sharing of increasingly constrained urban resources, such as the road network, energy, water, and so on. In a talk entitled The role of technology and communication in enabling behavioural change for cities of the future, Professor Clarke will explore how automated communication and collaboration, using real-time decision-making, can play a part in assisting citizens in making better use of the resources available to them. The goal is not to take over citizens' lives, but to remove the onus on citizens to be constantly aware of potential opportunities for optimising resource sharing.
Juergen BAUER, Dipl. Ing. Architekt MRIAI MRIBA, is an Architect and Lecturer in the Department of Architecture in Waterford Institute of Technology. In a talk entitled What is a Smart City beyond IT, Energy and Mobility Management? Juergen Bauer will discuss the smart city concept by comparing international urban patterns, drawing on observations from Ireland and Japan from an Urban Design Perspective.
Mark HENNESSY is Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography, School of Natural Science, Trinity College Dublin. In a talk entitled Historic Towns Atlases and the Study of Urban Morphogenesis, Dr Hennessy will examine the role of the state in the shaping of urban landscapes in the modern period. The value of the European Historic Towns Atlas project as a source for the study of comparative urban morphogenesis is also explored. Examples are taken from the Irish Historic Towns Atlas and from the town atlases of other European countries. The changing and expanding role of the state in urban landscape development is viewed through the lens of Foucault’s concept of governmentality and M.R.G. Conzen’s urban morphogenesis methodology.
Brian P. HUGHES, PhD, MSc (Hons), Dip Env Econs, FeRSA, FRICS, FSCSI, MSSISI, consults in Urban Economic and Demographics is a Retired Lecturer from the Dublin Institute of Technology and University College Dublin. This paper contrasts Ireland’s changing demography with that of Japan since the 1840s, for the two offshore nations off the Eurasian land mass. In a talk entitled Past Lessons and Future Direction for Ireland: increasing influences in the role for cities, Dr Hughes points to future demographic possibilities and concludes that the adoption of urban-agglomeration policies of densification, centripetal rather than centrifugal growth and a positive land-use/ transportation interface in reducing commuting times, will all enhance competitiveness and should inform Ireland’s policy direction formation.
Ulf STROHMAYER is Professor of Geography
in the School of Geography & Archaeology at NUI Galway, Ireland. In a talk entitled Contemporary Urbanism between ‘Best Practice’ and Local Customs: Public Spaces in the Post Neo-Liberal City, Professor Strohmayer will analyse debates and practices attached to contemporary urban planning by framing them within a constructive critique of the ‘learning from…’ model increasingly prevalent within neo-liberal urban planning. Focussing on the design, use and function of public space, the talk uses examples from Irish and other European cities to argue for a considerably more nuanced understanding of the agency produced by, attaching to and sustained by public spaces in these urban environments. Beyond the ‘repeatable matrixes’ produced by modern planners the world over – to employ terminology coined by the American urbanist Keller Easterling – how can we think and engage with urban phenomena and practices in a way that acknowledges and shapes the active role of cities in our modern societies?
Aidan FFRENCH, MILI, is a registered landscape architect and place-making champion, especially through his work as an author and presenter. He is a former President of the Irish Landscape Institute and Chair of the ILI Working Group: Blue-Green Infrastructure. In a talk is entitled Contested urban space: nature, people and power, Aidan ffrench will consider who wields power to shape our towns and cities – who determines the use, design and management of urban places? What are the respective roles and duties of professionals, bureaucrats and critically, of citizens? And to what degree have key professionals (architects, landscape architects, ecologists, arborists, planners, civil engineers) adopted progressive and innovative practices, especially those that promote liveable, inclusive city planning, design and management? This talk explores these critical questions within a social-democratic and ecological framework, with an emphasis on an emerging civil society zeitgeist.
James BRADY is a research fellow in agriculture and agricultural policy at the Asia Pacific Institute of Research, in Osaka. He obtained his PhD from Osaka University in 2015, where he researched the political economy of agriculture in Japan. His current research interests include corporate agriculture in Japan, the regional food supply system in Kansai, and the prospects for the Japanese economy and Asia-Pacific trade in the absence of the TPP. In a presentation entitled Urban Agriculture in Japan: Developments and Prospects for a Sustainable Sector, Dr Brady analyses recent developments in and prospects for urban agriculture in Japan, with particular reference to the Kansai region of western Japan. Drawing on site visits and interviews undertaken for the ongoing APIR research project “The Food Supply System as a Basic Urban Infrastructure”, he will also consider the trade-off between business sustainability and ecological sustainability, and suggest some recommendations for the future of urban agriculture in Japan.
Natsuki SHIMIZU is Associate Professor at the Educational Unit for Studies on the Connectivity of Hills, Humans and Oceans (CoHHO in Kyoto University, Japan. In a presentation entitled Urban lifestyle and agriculture: Public projects and policy in Kyoto, Professor Shimizu will consider a urban agriculture project based in the Kinki region of Japan, including some of the challenges that it faced. This 2013-2014 Japanese government project was designed to make good use of farmland. The farmland utilization aimed not only at food provision but also at welfare and education. Implementation was not limited to landowners or farmers - schools and social-welfare corporations could also apply to give children experiences of farming or for retired/disabled adults to build social relationships through agricultural activities. Although the project yielded some good results, it was discontinued. Professor Shimizu will examine some of the key features of the project, and especially the challenges that it faced.